Take each of the terms in your partial fraction, and consider it as the sum of a geometric series. Since you're only asked to find the constant term, the only part of the geometric series you'll need will be the leading 1. Thus, assuming your work is right (I didn't check), the constant term when written in powers of x looks to be:
(-1/2)+(2/3)(1) + (5/6)(1) = (-3+4+5)/6 = 1. (Those 1's come from the constant terms in the two geometric series.)
Another way to see this is that the constant term, when expanded in powers of x, must be the value of the function at x=0, hence must be 1.
Another way to see this is to observe that .
Then from the geometric series , see that .
Thus will have no constant term (constant term = 0) when expanded into powers of x, since when those two series are multiplied, there is no constant term.
Or you could note that ,
which multiplies out to have a constant term 1. So then must have and higher power terms only.
Anyway, since has no constant term, the whole expression must have constant term 1.