# Finding an angle

• Oct 10th 2007, 02:24 PM
missashley
Finding an angle
A ship cruises forward at Vs=5 m/s relative to the water. On deck, a man walks diagonally toward the bow such that his path forms an angle theta = 22 degrees with a line perpendicular to the boat's direction of motion. He walks at Vm = 2 m/s relative to the boat

http://img407.imageshack.us/img407/4973/boatum7.th.jpg

The speed he walks relative to the water is 5.749 m/s.

At what angle to his intended path does the man walk with respect to the water? Answer in degrees.

I was thinking maybe of using Tan-1(opposite/adjacent)
or some thing to that effect

It isn't 22 or 68 degrees
• Oct 10th 2007, 04:40 PM
Soroban
Hello, missashley!

Quote:

A ship cruises forward at $\displaystyle V_s = 5$ m/s relative to the water.
On deck, a man walks diagonally toward the bow such that his path forms
an angle $\displaystyle \theta = 22^o$ with a line perpendicular to the boat's direction of motion.
He walks at $\displaystyle V_m = 2$ m/s relative to the boat.

The speed he walks relative to the water is 5.749 m/s.

At what angle to his intended path does the man walk with respect to the water?

Code:

      B        C       * - - → *       ↑      /       |    /       |    / 2       |22*/       |  /       | /       |/       *       A

In the right triangle, we have: .$\displaystyle \begin{array}{ccccc}AB & = & 2\cos22^o & \approx & 1.854 \\ BC & = & 2\sin22^o & \approx & 0.749\end{array}$

Relative to the ship, he is walking 0.749 m/sec forward.

Since the ship is moving forward at 5 m/sec,
. . the man is moving forward at 5.749 m/sec (relative to the water).
(That's where they got that number.)

So relative to the water, his movement looks like this:
Code:

          5.749       * - - - - - *       |        /       |      / 1.854 |    /       |  /       |θ/       *

We have: .$\displaystyle \tan\theta \:=\:\frac{5.749}{1.854} \:=\:3.100862999$

Hence: .$\displaystyle \theta\:=\:\tan^{-1}(3.100863) \:\approx\:72.1^o$

Relative to the forward direction of the boat, his angle is about 17.9°.