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    Laser question. Have no clue how to do this.

    A YAG laser is an extremely powerful laser. Each pulse of light contains 5.50 Joules of energy. If the wavelength is 1.064 um (micrometers), how many moles of photons are contained within each pulse?
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    Quote Originally Posted by A Beautiful Mind View Post
    A YAG laser is an extremely powerful laser. Each pulse of light contains 5.50 Joules of energy. If the wavelength is 1.064 um (micrometers), how many moles of photons are contained within each pulse?
    Calculate the energy (measured in Joule) of a single photon: E = hf = \frac{hc}{\lambda}. Divide this energy into 5.50 to get the number of photons. Recall that one mole is 6.02 \times 10^{23} elementary units.
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    According to the difination, the mole is defined as the amount of substance that contains as many elementary entities (e.g., atoms, molecules, ions, electrons) as there are atoms in 0.012 kg of the isotope carbon-12. In the difination can we include the photons? What is the molecular weight of the photon?
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    Quote Originally Posted by sa-ri-ga-ma View Post
    According to the difination, the mole is defined as the amount of substance that contains as many elementary entities (e.g., atoms, molecules, ions, electrons) as there are atoms in 0.012 kg of the isotope carbon-12. In the difination can we include the photons? What is the molecular weight of the photon?
    It's not a unit I've used in that context or ever would use, and I share your concerns. But from what I can gather, it appears to be in common usage in some parts (probably from chemists who are teaching quantum physics).
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    Quote Originally Posted by A Beautiful Mind View Post
    A YAG laser is an extremely powerful laser. Each pulse of light contains 5.50 Joules of energy. If the wavelength is 1.064 um (micrometers), how many moles of photons are contained within each pulse?
    From what Mr F said E_p = \frac{hc}{\lambda} and hence there are n = \frac{E_t}{E_p \cdot N_A} where E_t is total energy (5.5J), E_p is the energy of a proton and N_A = 6.02 \cdot 10^{23} is the Avogadro constant.


    Quote Originally Posted by sa-ri-ga-ma View Post
    According to the difination, the mole is defined as the amount of substance that contains as many elementary entities (e.g., atoms, molecules, ions, electrons) as there are atoms in 0.012 kg of the isotope carbon-12. In the difination can we include the photons? What is the molecular weight of the photon?
    We can say that a mole of photons has the Avogadro number of photons in. As for mass it becomes more complicated since photons have no rest mass but do tend to have relativistic mass as evidenced by pair production.
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