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Math Help - Sum of the digits of a two-digit number is ten..

  1. #1
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    Sum of the digits of a two-digit number is ten..

    Hey,

    My problem is:

    The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is ten. If the digits are reversed, the new number is one less than twice the original number. Find the original number.

    The answer is 37, but how exactly would someone go about finding that? Thanks.
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by Averee View Post
    Hey,

    My problem is:

    The sum of the digits of a two-digit number is ten. If the digits are reversed, the new number is one less than twice the original number. Find the original number.

    The answer is 37, but how exactly would someone go about finding that? Thanks.
    Let the number be "xy", that is to say 10*x + y.

    Then we know that
    x + y = 10

    and
    "yx = 2*xy - 1" or 10*y + x = 2*(10*x + y) - 1

    From the first condition
    y = 10 - x

    Inserting this into the second condition:
    10*[10 - x] + x = 2*(10*x + [10 - x]) - 1

    100 - 10x + x = 2*(10x + 10 - x) - 1

    100 - 9x = 2*(9x + 10) - 1

    100 - 9x = 18x + 20 - 1

    100 - 9x = 18x + 19

    -27x = -81

    x = -81/(-27) = 3

    Thus
    y = 10 - (3) = 7

    and the number is 37, as advertised.

    -Dan
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  3. #3
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    Thank you, that makes sense.
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