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Math Help - Need Help!!! Simple math puzzle

  1. #1
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    Need Help!!! Simple math puzzle

    There are two number a and b.
    Both are 4 digit number .
    a is reverse of b
    a is four time of magnitude of b ( a = 4 *b)
    how to find a and b ??
    Explain plese
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  2. #2
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    Re: Need Help!!! Simple math puzzle

    What have you tried?

    Let a = 1000x + 100y + 10z + w where x, y, z, w ∈ {0, ..., 9}, i.e., xyyw = 4 * wyzx. (Sometimes a line is written over xyzw to show that letters stand for individual digits of a single number and to distinguish this expression from a product.)

    The following will get you started. There are only two possible values for w. Why? One can easily see (without considering other digits) that the first of those values is impossible. The second one passes that test and determines x. Now, similar to the case of w, there are only two options for z. Consider both options; in each one you already know three digits.

    P.S. Please don't double-post.
    Thanks from Shakarri
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  3. #3
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    Re: Need Help!!! Simple math puzzle

    Hello, ashoksingh!

    \text}There are two 4-digit numbers: }\,a\text{ and }b.
    a\text{ is reverse of }b.\;\;a\text{ is four times the size of }b.

    \text{Find }a\text{ and }b.

    Let b \,=\,ABCD
    Let a \,=\,DCBA


    We have:

    . . \begin{array}{cccc}^1 & ^2 & ^3 & ^4 \\ A&B&C&D \\ \times &&&4 \\ \hline D&C&B&A \end{array}


    In column-1, we see that: 4\times A \,=\,D
    . . Hence, A = 1\text{ or }2.

    In column-4, we see that: D\times 4 ends in A.
    . . Hence, A must be even: A = 2.

    We have:

    . . \begin{array}{cccc}^1 & ^2 & ^3 & ^4 \\ 2&B&C&D \\ \times &&&4 \\ \hline D&C&B&2 \end{array}


    In column-4, D \times 4 ends in 2.
    . . Hence, D = 3\text{ or }8.
    In column-1, we have 2 \times 4.
    . . Hence, D = 8.

    We have:

    . . \begin{array}{cccc}^1 & ^2 & ^3 & ^4 \\ 2&B&C&8 \\ \times &&&4 \\ \hline 8&C&B&2 \end{array}


    In column-3, we have: C \times 4 + 3 ends in B.
    In column-2, we have: B \times 4 + \text{(carry)} \:=\:C

    With some trial-and error, we find that: C = 7,\:B = 1.


    Therefore:

    . . \begin{array}{cccc} 2&1&7&8 \\ \times &&&4 \\ \hline 8&7&1&2 \end{array}
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