# A generalized infinite series

• July 15th 2009, 12:21 AM
simplependulum
A generalized infinite series
For $|x| < 1 , n \in \mathbb{Z}^{+}$

Prove that

$\sum_{k=0}^{\infty} ( -\frac{x^n}{4^n})^k \binom{2nk}{nk}$

$= \frac{1}{n}[ \sum_{k=1}^{\frac{n-f(n)}{2}}(\frac{\sqrt{2}\sqrt{ 1 - x \cos{ \theta_k} + \sqrt{x^2 - 2x\cos{ \theta_k} + 1}}}{\sqrt{ x^2 -2x\cos{2 \theta_k} + 1}}) + \frac{ f(n)}{\sqrt{x+1}}]$

where
$f(n) = 1$ when n is odd and
$f(n) = 0$ when n is even
( $f(n) = \frac{ 1 - (-1)^n}{2}$ )

$\theta_k = \frac{ (2k-1)}{n} \pi$