1. Quantitative reasoning

Hey guys,

Im preparing for the GRE Exam and I am finding these quantitative reasoning problems quite difficult...I am so awful at Math. I am not sure this is the right thread for this question, please forgive me if it isn't..

So this is the problem:

The total number of recording titles distributed by music distributors L and M is 9,300. The number of recording titles distributed by L is 7,100 and the number of recording titles distributed by M is 5,200. Which of the following statements MUST be true?

a. More than half the titles distributed by L are also distributed by M
b. More than half the titles distributed by M are also distributed by L
c. No titles are distributed by both L and M

Is this a probability problem? Any tips would be appreciated...

2. Re: Quantitative reasoning

no, it's an exercise in "inclusion/exclusion".

our "universe" (of recording titles that exist to be distributed) has 9,300 things in it (you can think of this as the "master list" of all recordings currently sold).

L handles 7,100 of these recordings, meaning there is 2,200 L doesn't carry.

M handles 5,200 of these recordings, so even if 2,200 of those are the ones L doesn't handle, that makes for a 3,000 overlap (titles they both distribute). so obviously, (c) isn't true.

(you could approach this "the other way": there are 4,100 titles M doesn't distribute. since L distributes 7,100, even if 4,100 of them were the ones L doesn't distribute, we still have a 3,000 overlap<---same figure for "shared distributed titles").

now we just have to decide between (a) and (b). is 3,000 more than 1/2 of what L carries? if so, pick (a).

is 3,000 more than 1/2 of what M carries? if so, pick (b).

********

our universe breaks down like so:

total number of titles = 9,300
titles only L carries = A
titles only M carries = B
tiles both L and M carry = C.

the problem tells us:

A + C = 7,100
B + C = 5,200

A+B+C = 9,300

the "object" is to find C, which the above shows is 3,000. you can do it algebraically like this:

B = (A+B+C) - (A+C)
C = (B+C) - B

or:

A = (A+B+C) - (B+C)
C = (A+C) - A

we know A+B+C and A+C from the beginning: A+B+C = 9,300, and A+C = 7,100, so B = 2,200, thus C = 5,200 - 2,200 = 3,000 (first method)

or A = 9,300 - 5,200 = 4,100, so C = 7,100 - 4,100 = 3,000 (second method).

3. Re: Quantitative reasoning

Hello, fsiwaju!

The total number of recording titles distributed by music distributors L and M is 9,300.
The number of recording titles distributed by L is 7,100
and the number of recording titles distributed by M is 5,200.
Which of the following statements MUST be true?

a. More than half the titles distributed by L are also distributed by M
b. More than half the titles distributed by M are also distributed by L
c. No titles are distributed by both L and M

L distributed 7,100 titles.
M distributed 5,200 titles.
. . This is a total of 12,300 titles.

But we are told that the total number of titles is 9,300.
. . Hence, there is an "overlap" of: 12,300 - 9,300 = 3,000 titles.

The Venn diagram looks like this:
Code:
              * * *       * * *
*           *           *
*     L     *   *     M     *
*           *     *           *

*           *       *           *
*   4,100   * 3,000 *   2,200   *
*           *       *           *

*           *     *           *
*           *   *           *
*           *           *
* * *       * * *
Can you answer the question now?