haha, i saw that video once, it's a fairly easy integral, so i consider they are trying to prove your intelligence and speed altogether.
Some books (for example Demidovich) include the following formula in the Table for immediate integrals:
$\displaystyle \displaystyle\int \dfrac{dx}{a^2-x^2}=\dfrac{1}{2a}\ln \left |{\dfrac{a+x}{a-x}}\right |+C\quad (a\neq 0)$
In that case, and taking into account that we needn't an elegant development, and that the euclidean division is almost immediate, the integral can be computed in less than 20 seconds.
Fernando Revilla
Nice case of the 'addition/subtraction' method in no. 14.
$\displaystyle \displaystyle{\ \ \frac{1}{x^2(x^4 + 1)^{3/4}}}$
$\displaystyle \displaystyle{=\ \frac{(x^4 + 1) - x^4}{x^2(x^4 + 1)^{3/4}}$
$\displaystyle \displaystyle{=\ \frac{(x^4 + 1)^{3/4}(x^4 + 1)^{1/4} - x^4}{x^2(x^4 + 1)^{3/4}}$
$\displaystyle \displaystyle{=\ \frac{(x^4 + 1)^{1/4}}{x^2}\ -\ \frac{x^2}{(x^4 + 1)^{3/4}}$
As with no.s 2 and 16, start parts with one half of it and it's all over 'too' soon...
... where (key in spoiler) ...
Spoiler:
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Don't integrate - balloontegrate!
Balloon Calculus; standard integrals, derivatives and methods
Balloon Calculus Drawing with LaTeX and Asymptote!
Is this party over? Oh well, anyway... no.11
... where (key in spoiler) ...
Spoiler:
_________________________________________
Don't integrate - balloontegrate!
Balloon Calculus; standard integrals, derivatives and methods
Balloon Calculus Drawing with LaTeX and Asymptote!
I thought the following three integrals were very similar to those in the test:
1. $\displaystyle \int\frac{2x\cos{x}+\sin{x}}{4\sqrt{x}\sqrt{\sin{x }\sqrt{x}}}\;{dx}.$
2. $\displaystyle \int \frac{2\sin^{-1}{x}+2\cos^{-1}{x}}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}\;{dx}.$
3. $\displaystyle \int\frac{1}{x+x\log^2{x}}\;{dx}$.
All three can be solved without explicit substitution (the last being the easiest).
Doh, I didn't notice that! I was thinking more along the lines of:
$\displaystyle \begin{aligned} \displaystyle \int \frac{2\sin^{-1}{x}+2\cos^{-1}{x}}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}\;{dx} & = \int \frac{2\sin^{-1}{x}}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}+\frac{2\cos^{-1}{x}}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}\;{dx} \\& = \int 2\sin^{-1}{x}(\sin^{-1}{x})' -2\cos^{-1}{x}(\cos^{-1}{x})'\;{dx} \\& = \int \left[\left(\sin^{-1}{x}\right)^2\right]'-\left[\left(\cos^{-1}{x}\right)^2\right]' \;{dx} \\& = \left(\sin^{-1}{x}\right)^2-\left(\cos^{-1}{x}\right)^2+k. \end{aligned}$