Challenge Question:

Triangle is an isosceles triangle with base , the included angle of is degree . A point is marked off on side such that . What is the angle of ?

Moderator edit:This is now an approved challenge question.

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- Apr 3rd 2010, 07:43 AMsimplependulumA classic geometry problem
Challenge Question:

Triangle is an isosceles triangle with base , the included angle of is degree . A point is marked off on side such that . What is the angle of ?

**Moderator edit:**This is now an approved challenge question. - Apr 3rd 2010, 08:08 AMSudharaka
- Apr 3rd 2010, 02:19 PMtonio

Hmmm... I can't see clearly what the continuation is without getting into heavy stuff (probably power series or something: I'm not sure), but it perhaps doesn't matter: the problem's title says**geometry**and, at least over here, this means the problem must be solved using exclusively tools from geometry, without any trigonometry, calculus, etc.

I wonder what the OP originally meant.

Tonio - Apr 4th 2010, 07:20 AMsimplependulum

I first saw this problem in a paper of IMO preliminary selection contest but the suggested solution uses trigonometry . Of course , as i said it classic , there is actually a solution ( collected from a book )which only uses the properties of isosceles , equilateral triangle , similar triangles and parallel lines .

Below is the trigonometric method which is similar to the contest 's .

__Spoiler__: - Apr 4th 2010, 08:31 AMtonio
- Apr 4th 2010, 09:50 AMWilmer
- Apr 4th 2010, 01:28 PMtonio
- Apr 4th 2010, 06:56 PMWilmer
- Apr 4th 2010, 11:29 PMsimplependulum
I shouldn't give the solution now but if you really want the pure-geometric solution , i think it is okay to give the hints :

The solution has three additional lines but i am going to give you only one of the lines because this is exactly the key to this problem while the others are not very important .

Hints:

__Spoiler__: - Apr 4th 2010, 11:32 PMsimplependulum
- Apr 5th 2010, 03:42 AMUnbeatable0
A figure is added in the attachment to make the proof easier to read.

On the given triangle build a regular -gon such that is the center of it

(which is possible due to the fact that , ).

Now, we**are not**assuming . We'll come back to it later.

Continue AB until it gets to another vertex, call it , of the regular polygon (I'll leave it to you to verify the fact that it is indeed getting there), and draw a line as shown in the attached figure. Next, draw as shown, and call the intersection of with . All the angles shown in the figure can easily be calculated by considering equal arcs on the circumscribing circle of the regular polygon. Thus, from triangle it follows that , and in triangle we have . Therefore , but , so . Next notice that (again, by considering the circumscribing circle).

We have thus proven that the conditions and are obtained simultaneously, from which the result follows. - Apr 5th 2010, 08:23 PMsimplependulum