Two symbols I would like to use in LaTex:

1) I've been using the minus sign if I want to type in negative numbers:

but I don't like how big it is. Is there a way to type in a negative sign that's not as long and thick?

2) How does one type the degree sign? I want to use the degree sign so that readers won't confuse the angle with radian measure, like this:

When using the Character Map in Windows to copy and paste degree symbol, it doesn't appear. (I put a degree symbol in the above equation, so that you see what I mean.)

TIA.

01

EDIT: Question #2 withdrawn. I found out how to do it -- you can use ^\circ:

\cos 60^\circ = \frac{1}{2}

gives me this: