The shorter diagonal of a rhombus makes an angle of 78 degrees with a side of the rhombus. If the length of the shorter diagonal is 24, find to the nearest tenth the length of: (a) a side of the rhombus and (b) the longer diagonal.

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- May 19th 2009, 04:30 PMMelDiagonal and Side of a Rhombus
The shorter diagonal of a rhombus makes an angle of 78 degrees with a side of the rhombus. If the length of the shorter diagonal is 24, find to the nearest tenth the length of: (a) a side of the rhombus and (b) the longer diagonal.

- May 19th 2009, 04:37 PMe^(i*pi)
As a rhombus has all 4 sides of equal length each must be 24. From the angle of 78 it's supplementary angle must be 180-78 = 112 degrees.

From there the cos rule can be used. Let*c*be the diagonal across the rhombus such that it meets the corners at the 78 degree angles:

$\displaystyle c^2 = a^2+b^2-2abcosC$

$\displaystyle c^2 = 2a^2 - 2a^2cosC = 2a^2(1-cosC)$

a = 24 and C = 102