a cylinder has total surface area of 42cm square,it has a curved surface area which is 1/3of total surface area.find volume of cylinder?
The surface of a cylinder has three pieces: two end-caps with area (pi)r^2 and one rectangle that is wrapped around the cylinder which has area C*h where C is the circumference of the end-cap and h is the height of the cylinder. So the SA of the cylinder is
SA = 2(pi)r^2 + 2(pi)rh
The volume of the cylinder is
V = (pi)r^2 * h
So. The curved surface has an area of (1/3)*(42 cm) = 2(pi)rh.
We need r and h and we only have one equation. We need another.
Well, SA = 42 cm = 2(pi)r^2 + 2(pi)rh.
The first equation gives us a value of rh:
rh = (1/3)*(42)/[2(pi)] = 2.22817 cm^2 or so.
We can insert this value into the second equation:
42 = 2(pi)r^2 + 2(pi)(2.22817)
We can solve this for r. I get r = 2.11100 cm or so.
Now we can find h, since we know the value of rh and r:
h = (rh)/r = 1.05550 cm or so.
Now:
V = (pi)r^2 * h = 14.77703 cm^3 or so.
-Dan