Looking at angle B, you see that it is equal to 2z. Looking at the triangle ABC, we have the 3 angles of the triangle: y, 2z, and 90 (this is angle CAB). We know that the sum of a triangle's angles add up to 180, so:
Solve for 2z.
To prove x = 2z + y, note from the first question:
Looking at triangle ABD, we see that . Using the fact that , substitute it in and we get:
Solve for x.
For the last one, from the first question we have that . Substitute that into the expression for x in the 2nd question and you should be done proving it.