Hello, Geometor!
I have a solution . . . hope it's acceptable.
Let $\displaystyle x \:=\:OC.$
Draw an altitude from $\displaystyle O$ to $\displaystyle AB$; call it $\displaystyle OD.$
In right triangle $\displaystyle ODA,\:OA = 5,\:AD = 4\quad\Rightarrow\quad \cos A \:=\:\frac{4}{5}$
Law of Cosines: .$\displaystyle OC^2 \;=\;AC^2 + OA^2 - 2(AC)(OA)\cos A$
So we have: .$\displaystyle x^2 \;=\;18^2 + 5^2 - 2(18)(5)\left(\frac{4}{5}\right) \;=\;205$
Therefore: .$\displaystyle x\;=\;\sqrt{205}$
thank you plato!
and soroban!
however i find using plato's secant theorem being the easier:
since:
(AC)(BC)=(EC)(DC).
(18)(10)=(10+x)(x)
=x^2+10x
x^2+10x-180=0
(-10 +/- sq.root 82) / 2
and since we need a positive value we do:
(-10 + sq.root 82) / 2
= 9.317821063....
and add the 5cm radius to get OC
= 14.3cm(1dp)
=sq. root 205 as soroban said
Thanks for the help!
That is also my method except that I didn’t use trigonometry. By Pythagoras’ theorem on triangle ODA, OD = $\displaystyle \sqrt{5^2-4^2}$ = 3 cm. By Pythagoras’ theorem on triangle ODC, OC = $\displaystyle \sqrt{(4+10)^2+3^2}=\sqrt{205}$ cm.
You made a mistake there; it should be 820, not 82. It’s also easier to make mistakes with your calculations using the secant method. My recommendation: use the method that Soroban and I used.