Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

This is a problem i chose because i thought it would be interesting as well as easy, however, i should have known better than to choose the last question in my maths book as my "essay" question. I have done it and i cant see how my method is wrong in any way. The answer i get is not realistic hence, something must be wrong. I will not show my calculations as it would take too long.

Question:

You are in a movie theatre. The screen is 8 m high and 2 meters from the ground as well as 3 meters from the first row of seats. All the seats are on an incline att an angle of 22 degrees. When you sit on a chair your eyes are 1 meter from the incline. Where on the incline are you to sit so that you will have the best viewing angle?

This is how it looks like and how i have thought a bit!

https://docs.google.com/drawings/d/1...YC-W7fS44/edit

The text translates to "what value of "h" will give the best possible viewing angle? i.e how far upp the incline must you walk?"

Answer i got was 2.56 meters. Any help would be appreciated.

Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

Can you define what is meant by the best viewing angle ?

Are we simply looking for the maximum value of z and the corresponding position, or something else ?

Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

Exactly! The greatest value of Z and its corresponding position in terms of the hypotenuse. Tricky.

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Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

Quote:

Originally Posted by

**Cyrus1** This is a problem i chose because i thought it would be interesting as well as easy, however, i should have known better than to choose the last question in my maths book as my "essay" question. I have done it and i cant see how my method is wrong in any way. The answer i get is not realistic hence, something must be wrong. I will not show my calculations as it would take too long.

Question:

You are in a movie theatre. The screen is 8 m high and 2 meters from the ground as well as 3 meters from the first row of seats. All the seats are on an incline att an angle of 22 degrees. When you sit on a chair your eyes are 1 meter from the incline. Where on the incline are you to sit so that you will have the best viewing angle?

This is how it looks like and how i have thought a bit!

https://docs.google.com/drawings/d/1...YC-W7fS44/edit
The text translates to "what value of "h" will give the best possible viewing angle? i.e how far upp the incline must you walk?"

Answer i got was 2.56 meters. Any help would be appreciated.

Hej,

I've modified your sketch a little bit and here is what I've calculated:

1. The straight line representing the place where your head could be has the equation

2. and

3. From I get:

4. Since z has it's maximum if is at it's maximum I solved for x:

I've got . That means your head is at (4.406798787, 1.568383604)

5. ... but honestly I would refuse to take this seat (Shake)

Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

How did you derive the equation for y? Thanks!

Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

My method was to first make all the sides of the smaller triangle in terms of h. So sin22*h=y (0.375h=y) and cos22 *h=x (0.927h=x). The bigger triangle is a distance, lets say "t", longer horisontaly than the smaller triangle. 1/tan22=2.475=t. at the same time the bigger triangle has a longer hypotenuse, the extra distance being "q". q=1/sin22 = 2.67. Hence, the bigger triangle sides in terms of h is : Hypotenuse = h+2.67, base = 0.927h+2.475 and the height = 0.375h + 1. Now we look at the "angle" triangle and use a^2=b^2+c^2-2bc(cos(A)). a=8 and A is the angle we want maximized. We need to find a function for b and c in terms of "h". if you make a right angled triangle for the side b, where b is the hypotenuse you will easily see that you can get a function for b by using pythagoras theorem. c^2= (0.37h+1-2)^2 + (0.927h+3)^2 and for b^2= (0.927h+3)^2 + (9-0.37h)^2 expand and simplify and also find the equations for just c and b and you will be able to have a function of cos(A). when you have a function of A and put it into wolframalpha i do not get what i was expecting. Do you see any error in this method?

Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

Quote:

Originally Posted by

**Cyrus1** How did you derive the equation for y? Thanks!

Hej,

you know that the slope of a straight line is the tangens of the angle between the line and the x-axis.

Use the point-slope-equation of a straight line with the fixed point P(3,0) and the slope :

Now the line is translated one unit up. Therefore the equation is finally:

********************************

To your last post: Without a sketch where I can see what you labeled with a, b, c, t, q etc. I'm not able to comprehend your calculations. Sorry.

Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

Hello over there,

I made a scale drawing of the described movie screen ( 1cm = 1 m).I found that the level of eye would be 6 m above grade for best viewing.Level of floor at this point would be 5 m above grade. h the length of walk up the rising floor is 5/sin 22 deg. (13.35m)

Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

I have it sketched correctly now! If you find the error in my method i will be so grateful!!! btw the angle z is the same as A! Z=A https://docs.google.com/drawings/d/1...YC-W7fS44/edit

Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

I am very interested in your method!! :)

Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

Quote:

Originally Posted by

**earboth** Hej, 3. From

I get:

4. Since z has it's maximum if

is at it's maximum I solved for x:

)

Btw what did you do with the y variable? I am guessing you wrote it in terms of x before differentiating? second question about your method: Can you tell me how you thought regarding the maximum of tan(z) is the same as maximum of z? THANKS!!!! You are awesome

Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

Quote:

Originally Posted by

**Cyrus1** Btw what did you do with the y variable? I am guessing you wrote it in terms of x before differentiating? second question about your method: Can you tell me how you thought regarding the maximum of tan(z) is the same as maximum of z? THANKS!!!! You are awesome

You can leave $y$ in there until the end, if you want. You can differentiate using the Chain Rule. Earboth did not say that the maximum of $\tan(z)$ is the same as the maximum of z. Earboth said that $\tan(z)$ reaches its maximum when $z$ reaches its maximum. This is because $\tan(z)$ is a strictly increasing function of $z$. However, the maximum viewing angle is not the "best" viewing angle, as it requires you to crane your neck to see the whole screen. I believe the "best" viewing angle would be the distance that simultaneously minimizes both $\alpha$ and $\beta$ in Earboth's sketch, as this would require the least craning of one's neck. So, bjhopper's answer seems most appropriate (post #8 above).

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Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

Quote:

Originally Posted by

**bjhopper** Hello over there,

I made a scale drawing of the described movie screen ( 1cm = 1 m).I found that the level of eye would be 6 m above grade for best viewing.Level of floor at this point would be 5 m above grade. h the length of walk up the rising floor is 5/sin 22 deg. (13.35m)

Hi,

I've attached my scale drawing. According to post #3 I was looking for the maximum of angle z. I've added the position suggested by bjhopper.

As SlipEternal pointed out the position is not the best where the maximum angle occurs:

- your eyes must move very rapidly to cover a wide area
- all images are distorted because of the perspective
- you only need a barber to get a shave

Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

Quote:

Originally Posted by

**earboth** Hej,

2.

and

3. From

I get:

Thanks a lot for everything! The last thing i was wondering is how the method holds for when the X line is under 2 meters. I mean how do you split the angle Z in that case? Will you write

Re: Swedish Math problem i got. Seems to be easy. but not quite....?

I arrived at the same result as Earboth, but using a different variable.

Let the length up the slope be , then the 'head position' will have co-ordinates .

That leads to (using Earboth's notation),

.

Differentiating wrt and equating that to zero gets you the quadratic

which has the solutions, .

The first of these leads to same as Earboth.