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Math Help - Sequences Geometry Question

  1. #1
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    Sequences Geometry Question

    Sequences Geometry Question-math-problem.jpg

    "In the diagram, one circle is inscribed in each square and one square is inscribed in each circle, with this process being continued infinitely. the area between each square and the circle inscribed in it is shaded. What proportion of the area inside the largest square is shaded?
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  2. #2
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    Re: Sequences Geometry Question

    The sum of the shaded areas is [area of biggest square]-[area of biggest circle]+[area of next biggest square]-[area of next biggest circle]+...
    Split this into two series
    [area of biggest square]+[area of next biggest square]+...
    And
    -[area of biggest circle]-[area of next biggest circle]-...

    Examining the two largest squares you can see using pythagoras' theorem you can see that the smaller square's side length is \sqrt{2} times smaller than the larger square's side. This ratio is constant for each set of squares so the first series mentioned above is an infinite geometric series.
    The diameter of the circle is equal to the length of the side of the square it is inside, the square's side length is decreasing in a geometric series so the diameter of each circle will also decrease in a geometric series. Use this information to determine the sum of the second series mentioned above.
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  3. #3
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    Re: Sequences Geometry Question

    Thank you!
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