Problem:

there are 12 distinct named points on a line. How many segments can be named?

Is there a way or formula to know the number of segments can be named in a line with distinct points?

Please help me on this..

thanks

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- Jan 3rd 2013, 04:24 AMrcsnumber of segments
**Problem:**

there are 12 distinct named points on a line. How many segments can be named?

Is there a way or formula to know the number of segments can be named in a line with distinct points?

Please help me on this..

thanks - Jan 3rd 2013, 04:40 AMHallsofIvyRe: number of segments
Is that the way you think mathematics is done- by plugging numbers into formulas? Where do you think those formulas come from?

Did you consider looking at simple cases? If there are no points, there is the single segment, (-infinity, infinity). If there is a single point, A, there are**three**segments, (-infinity, infinity), (A, infinity) and (-infinity, A). If there are two points, A and B, with A< B, there 6 segments, (-infinity, infinity), (-infinity, A), (-infinity, B), (A, B), (A, infinity), (B, infinity). Do you see a pattern? With n points you have the intervals from -infinity to each of the n points plus +infinity so n+1 such intervals. Then you have intervals from the "left most point" to each of the other points and to +infinity, n such intervals. That is, you have (n+1)+ (n)+ (n- 1)+ ... + 3+ 2+ 1. Do you know a formula for that? If not, can you work one out? - Jan 3rd 2013, 04:59 AMrcsRe: number of segments
you write too much words in your reply but all those words are pointless :P

- Jan 3rd 2013, 05:14 AMemakarovRe: number of segments
- Jan 3rd 2013, 07:34 AMPlatoRe: number of segments
I agree that yours is not only rude in the extreme, it is not useful.

However, I disagree with Prof. Hals on the definition of line segment. In the Hilbert/Moore system of axiomatic geometry a line segment is defined as:

$\displaystyle \overline{PQ}=\{P,Q\}\cup\{X:P-X-Q\}$. The set of which is the union the set of two points with the set of all point between them. (see Moise)

So the answer to your question is $\displaystyle \binom{12}{2}$. - Jan 3rd 2013, 07:48 AMHallsofIvyRe: number of segments
So you do not accept "infinite" line segments? I thought about that possibility.

- Jan 3rd 2013, 08:01 AMPlatoRe: number of segments
I can only speak for one set of axioms (I was a graduate assistant in several summer courses for in-service geometry teachers) based on RL Moore's notes.

The concepts of line, ray, half-lines are all different. Those are all what one may call "infinite". A line segment has two endpoints. - Jan 4th 2013, 05:25 AMrcsRe: number of segments
Of course.... My mind is disturbed.... He made it more disturbed and insulted