# Finding one angle of a right triangle with given information

• Jun 18th 2011, 03:44 PM
KingNathan
Finding one angle of a right triangle with given information
Attachment 21689

I am currently studying for the GMAT which tests on Data Sufficiency. According to the test, I should be able to answer this question with the given statement, but I can't figure out how.

In the figure shown, the measure of angle PRS is how much greater than the measure of angle PQR?

How can I find that answer if the only information I have is this?

"The measure of angle QPR is 30 degrees."
• Jun 18th 2011, 04:16 PM
Re: Finding one angle of a right triangle with given information
Quote:

Originally Posted by KingNathan
Attachment 21689

I am currently studying for the GMAT which tests on Data Sufficiency. According to the test, I should be able to answer this question with the given statement, but I can't figure out how.
In the figure shown, the measure of angle PRS is how much greater than the measure of angle PQR?

How can I find that answer if the only information I have is this?

"The measure of angle QPR is 30 degrees."

Angle PRS is the external angle of triangle PQR.
Angle PRS is the sum of which 2 angles in triangle PQR ?
• Jun 18th 2011, 04:33 PM
KingNathan
Re: Finding one angle of a right triangle with given information
Quote:

Originally Posted by Archie Meade
Angle PRS is the external angle of triangle PQR.
Angle PRS is the sum of which 2 angles in triangle PQR ?

I am struggling to find the values for angles PRQ and PQR. I am assuming that I am forgetting a rule about triangles. These are the assumptions I can draw from the information given.

Angle QPR is 30 degrees
Angle PSR is 90 degrees
Angle QPS must be larger than 30 degrees
Angle PRQ is 180 degrees-Angle PRQ

However, I can't seem to derive a value from the information given that gives me the value for neither Angle PQE nor Angle PRQ
• Jun 18th 2011, 04:42 PM
Re: Finding one angle of a right triangle with given information
You could work from..

Angle PRS + Angle PRQ is 180 degrees (a semicircle).
The sum of all 3 angles in triangle PQR is also 180 degrees.

One of these is Angle PRQ.

This means that Angle PRS is the sum of the other 2 angles in triangle PQR.
The question can then be answered.

The strategy here is "angles summing to 180 degrees"
and Angle PRS is common to both sums.
• Jun 18th 2011, 05:23 PM
KingNathan
Re: Finding one angle of a right triangle with given information
Quote:

Originally Posted by Archie Meade
You could work from..

Angle PRS + Angle PRQ is 180 degrees (a semicircle).
The sum of all 3 angles in triangle PQR is also 180 degrees.

One of these is Angle PRQ.

This means that Angle PRS is the sum of the other 2 angles in triangle PQR.
The question can then be answered.

The strategy here is "angles summing to 180 degrees"
and Angle PRS is common to both sums.

I apologize, and do greatly appreciate the time you are taking to help me. However, I still do not understand. I see we have only 1 angle value for each of the 2 triangles. I can't see how Angle QPR equalling 30 degrees shows us the value of any other angle in either triangle.
• Jun 19th 2011, 02:58 AM
Re: Finding one angle of a right triangle with given information
For convenience, label Angle PRS "A",
label Angle PRQ "B".

Then A+B = 180 degrees.

Label Angle PQR "C".

Then B+C+30 degrees = 180 degrees.

Then A=180-B
C=180-(B+30)=180-B-30

So "A" is 30 degrees bigger than "C".
• Jun 20th 2011, 04:46 PM
KingNathan
Re: Finding one angle of a right triangle with given information
Quote:

Originally Posted by Archie Meade
For convenience, label Angle PRS "A",
label Angle PRQ "B".

Then A+B = 180 degrees.

Label Angle PQR "C".

Then B+C+30 degrees = 180 degrees.

Then A=180-B
C=180-(B+30)=180-B-30

So "A" is 30 degrees bigger than "C".

Awesome! Thanks for your help.