• Aug 28th 2010, 12:14 PM
OnlyMath
Hi
Can you help me please with this question :
ABC is a triangle where the point D is on Bc such that BAD = 60 , B=20 , AB = CD ...
Can you tell me ACB = ?????
(Crying)
• Aug 28th 2010, 04:33 PM
Soroban
Hello, OnlyMath!

I did a lot of trig and came with a surprisingly simple answer.
I suspect that there is an elegant geometric solution . . . somewhere.

Quote:

$\displaystyle ABC$ is a triangle where the point $\displaystyle D$ is on $\displaystyle BC$
. . such that: .$\displaystyle \angle BAD = 60^o,\;\;\angle B=20^o,\;\' AB = CD$

Find $\displaystyle \angle C.$

Code:

      B       o       *  *         * 20  *         *        *  D         a *      100 o           *        *  80 *    a             * 60  * x        *             *  *              @  *             A o  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  o C

We have: .$\displaystyle \angle BAD = 60^o,\;\angle B = 20^o \quad\Rightarrow\quad \angle BDA = 100^o,\;\angle ADC = 80^o$

Let $\displaystyle a = AB = CD,\;x = AD,\;\theta = \angle C \quad\Rightarrow\quad \angle DAC = 100-\theta$

$\displaystyle \text{In }\Delta ABD\!:\;\dfrac{x}{\sin20^o} \:=\:\dfrac{a}{\sin100^o} \quad\Rightarrow\quad \dfrac{x}{a} \:=\:\dfrac{\sin20^o}{\sin100^o}$ .[1]

$\displaystyle \text{In }\Delta ADC\!:\;\dfrac{x}{\sin\theta} \:=\:\dfrac{a}{\sin(100^o-\theta)} \quad\Rightarrow\quad \dfrac{x}{a} \:=\:\dfrac{\sin\theta}{\sin(100^o-\theta)}$ .[2]

Equate [1] and [2]:

. . $\displaystyle \dfrac{\sin20}{\sin100} \:=\:\dfrac{\sin\theta}{\sin(100-\theta)} \quad\Rightarrow\quad \sin20\sin(100-\theta) \;=\;\sin100\sin\theta$

. . $\displaystyle \sin20\bigg(\sin100\cos\theta - \cos100\sin\theta\bigg) \;=\;\sin100\sin\theta$

. . $\displaystyle \sin20\sin100\cos\theta - \sin20\cos100\sin\theta \;=\;\sin100\sin\theta$

. . $\displaystyle \sin100\sin\theta + \sin20\cos100\sin\theta \;=\;\sin20\sin100\cos\theta$

. . $\displaystyle \bigg(\sin100 + \sin20\cos100\bigg)\sin\theta \;=\;\sin20\sin100\cos\theta$

. . . . . . . $\displaystyle \dfrac{\sin\theta}{\cos\theta} \;=\;\dfrac{\sin20\sin100}{\sin100 + \sin20\cos100}$

Therefore: .$\displaystyle \tan\theta \:=\:0.363970234 \quad\Rightarrow\quad \theta \:=\:20^o$

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Fascinating!

$\displaystyle \Delta ABC$ is isosceles: .$\displaystyle AB \,=\,AC\,=\,a$

Also, $\displaystyle \Delta ADC$ is isosceles: .$\displaystyle AC\,=\,CD\,=\,a$

Is there a more direct way to derive those facts?