My problem is to find two circles in 3D space that share a tangent vector. The only thing known is a a point and tangent on each circle and the radius for both circles.
The problem can be visualized with this image/video:
Known:
- Point on Circle A
- Circle tangent at point Pa, normalized
- Radius of Circle A
- Point on Circle B
- Circle tangent at point Pb, normalized
- Radius of Circle B
Wanted:
- Circle-Circle tangent point on Circle A
- Circle-Circle tangent point on Circle B
We know the following:
- is the angle(unknown) between the Circle A and Circle B plane
I have tried to solve this by substitution but it gets messy. I'm happy for any suggestion in how to find an analytic solution. Maybe I have missed some geometric relations that could help to find a solution?
Here is some relations that could be used.
There is a relation between the given circle tangents and the wanted circle-circle tangent which gives:
Circle A:
This gives:
Doing same thing for Circle B gives:
Combining this gives: