1. ## Vectors

What would I need to do to approximate the angle between the two vectors 4i-3j and 4i+3j.

2. Originally Posted by gretchen
What would I need to do to approximate the angle between the two vectors 4i-3j and 4i+3j.
we will use the formula for the dot product, i hope you know what the dot product is:

we have:

cos(x) = a*b/(|a||b|)

where * means dot product and x is the angle between the two (nonzero) vectors:

a*b = <4,-3>*<4,3> = 4*4 + (-3)*3 = 16 - 9 = 7

|a| = sqrt(4^2 + (-3)^2) = sqrt(25) = 5
|b| = sqrt(4^2 + 3^2) = sqrt(25) = 5

=> cos(x) = 7/(5)(5) = 7/25
=> x = cos^-1(7/25)
or x = 73.74 degrees

3. Originally Posted by gretchen
What would I need to do to approximate the angle between the two vectors 4i-3j and 4i+3j.
Hello, gretchen,

1. draw a sketch (see attachment).
2. both vectors have the same length (l = 5) thus you deal with the legs of an isosceles triangle.
3. use half of the isosceles triangle: It is a right triangle.
4. now you can calculate the angle by:

2*arctan(3/4) = 73.74°

EB