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Math Help - Regular Pentagon

  1. #1
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    Regular Pentagon

    The perimeter of a regular pentagon is 100 mm. Find the perimeter of the regular pentagon formed by connecting it diagonals?
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  2. #2
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    tried to draw a regular pentagon but not easy
    the pentagon produced by connecting the diagonals should be MNOPQ as in the attached pic.
    the bigger pentagon ABCDE has each side 2cm and each interior angle 108 degrees.
    in isoscles triangle ABE, both angles ABE and AEB are 36 degrees.
    therefore, each interior angle of pentagon ABCDE can be proved to have been equally divided by 2 diagonals into 36 degrees x 3.
    In triangle ABE, use Sine Law to find BE:
    BE / sin108 = AB / sin36 = 2 / sin36
    In triangles ABM and AEQ, find BM and QE by the same method.
    you will see BM = QE
    So you get the length of MQ = BE - 2BM and in the end, the perimeter of pentagon MNOPQ = 5MQ
    Attached Thumbnails Attached Thumbnails Regular Pentagon-ques-9.jpg  
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  3. #3
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    The resulting perimeter is 5[(20sin108/sin36)-2(20sin36/sin108)] millimeters. So the perimeter is approximately 3.820 cm or 38.197 mm.
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  4. #4
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    Quote Originally Posted by warriors837 View Post
    The resulting perimeter is 5[(20sin108/sin36)-2(20sin36/sin108)] millimeters. So the perimeter is approximately 3.820 cm or 38.197 mm.
    that's right, 3.81966cm.
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