Prove from the defintion of nPr (as in nPr = n!/(n-r)!) that

(n+1)/Pr = nPr + r.nP(r-1)

and show that nPr = (n-2)Pr + 2r. (n-2)P(r-1) + r(r-1) x (n-2)P(r-2)

if anyone could give me some techniques or some help solving these types of questions i would really appreciate it ! thankyou =D