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Math Help - Five Properties: basic proofs

  1. #1
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    Five Properties: basic proofs

    I'm not expecting anyone to answer all of these, but hopefully someone can do one for me. It seems pretty straightforward and I wouldn't be posting if I had time to talk to my prof. before my exam tomorrow. Again, only using the 5 rules .

    (1) For any real numbers a and b and any positive real number c.

    a < b => ac < bc

    (2) For any real number a,

    a is positive <=> -a is negative

    (3) For any real numbers a, b, c

    if a < b and c is negative, then ac > bc

    (4) For any real numbers a and b

    ab is positive <=> a and b are both positive or both negative

    (5) -1 < 0 < 1


    USING ONLY THESE RULES

    (a) a^2>=0 for any a

    (b) For any real number a, if a is positive, then 1/a is positive.

    (c) For any positive real numbers a and b, if a < b, then 1/a > 1/b

    Thanks guys.
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  2. #2
    MHF Contributor
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    Inequalities

    Hello glover_m
    Quote Originally Posted by glover_m View Post
    I'm not expecting anyone to answer all of these, but hopefully someone can do one for me. It seems pretty straightforward and I wouldn't be posting if I had time to talk to my prof. before my exam tomorrow. Again, only using the 5 rules .

    (1) For any real numbers a and b and any positive real number c.

    a < b => ac < bc

    (2) For any real number a,

    a is positive <=> -a is negative

    (3) For any real numbers a, b, c

    if a < b and c is negative, then ac > bc

    (4) For any real numbers a and b

    ab is positive <=> a and b are both positive or both negative

    (5) -1 < 0 < 1


    USING ONLY THESE RULES

    (a) a^2>=0 for any a

    (b) For any real number a, if a is positive, then 1/a is positive.

    (c) For any positive real numbers a and b, if a < b, then 1/a > 1/b

    Thanks guys.
    (a) If a = 0, a^2 = 0. Otherwise, using Rule (4), \forall \,a , b \in \mathbb{R},\, (b = a)\Rightarrow (a and b are both positive or both negative) \Rightarrow aa = a^2 is positive.

    (b) (a \cdot \frac1a = 1 > 0) from (5)   \Rightarrow  a and \frac1a are both positive or both negative, using Rule 4, with b = \frac1a. So if a>0, \frac1a>0.

    (c)  a>0 \Rightarrow \frac1a > 0, from (b). So 0<a<b \Rightarrow a\cdot \frac1a < b\cdot \frac1a, using Rule (1) with c = \frac1a

    \Rightarrow 1 < b\cdot\frac1a

    Also b>0 \Rightarrow \frac1b>0 from (b), so 1\cdot\frac1b < \frac1b\cdot b\cdot \frac1a, using (1)

    \Rightarrow \frac1b < \frac1a

    Grandad
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