I'm having trouble with these types of problems. Any help would be greatly appreciated .

I know that in order ~ to be an equivalence relation, ~ must be:Let be subsets of . Explain why the relation ~ on S defined by x~y if and only if for some isNOTan equivalence relation on S.

1) (reflexive) x~ x for all x in X.

2) (symmetric) If x~ y then y~ x.

3) (transitive) If x~ y and y~ z, then x~ z.

But, I just can't find a counter example for which it doesn't satisfy one or more of 1,2,3.