Prove that is divisible by 5 for n in N

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- October 13th 2008, 11:39 AMCaityProof of divisibility
Prove that is divisible by 5 for n in N

- October 13th 2008, 02:53 PMMoo
Hello,

You can work with modulos.

By Fermat's little theorem, we know that if n and 5 are coprime, then , that is to say is divisible by 5 and hence n^5-n is too.

If n and 5 aren't coprime, that is n is a multiple of 5, then n^5-n is obviously divisible by 5.

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You can work with algebra :

you can see that n(n+1)(n-1)(n-2)(n+2) is the product of 5 consecutive integers. Therefore, there is one of the factors that is divisible by 5. Hence it is divisible by 5.

5n(n+1)(n-1) is obviously divisible by 5.