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Math Help - Dice probability question

  1. #1
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    Dice probability question

    You roll a blue and a red die. How many outcomes have a blue 3 or an even sum? The dice are fair dice.

    I know that you have a 1 out of 6 chance for a blue 3 and you have half of the results will yield an even sum 18 since we have 36 possible outcomes. How do you determine how many will have both to subtract from the number of outcomes that have either of these????? I know it is 3 but I did it by exhaustion and if the question had many more outcomes I would not be able to figure it out. Thanks again all of you for your helpful and kind assistance.
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  2. #2
    Grand Panjandrum
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    Quote Originally Posted by Frostking View Post
    You roll a blue and a red die. How many outcomes have a blue 3 or an even sum? The dice are fair dice.

    I know that you have a 1 out of 6 chance for a blue 3 and you have half of the results will yield an even sum 18 since we have 36 possible outcomes. How do you determine how many will have both to subtract from the number of outcomes that have either of these????? I know it is 3 but I did it by exhaustion and if the question had many more outcomes I would not be able to figure it out. Thanks again all of you for your helpful and kind assistance.
    To get an even sum either both die show an even or both show an odd.

    These two events both have probability of 0.25 (or 9 possible cases out of
    the 36 equally likely outcomes)

    There are 6 outcomes with a blue 3, but we will have counted 3 of them
    allready with the 9 cases with two odd.

    So we have n=9+9+6-3=21 favourable outcomes out of a total of 36, so
    the probability is 21/36=7/12.

    RonL
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  3. #3
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    Dice probability question

    Thank you Captain Black for your detailed answer. I really appreciate it!
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