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Math Help - gender probabilty

  1. #1
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    Lightbulb gender probabilty

    assume that the probability a child is a boy is 0.51 and that the sexes of children born into a family are independent. What is the probability that a family of five children has exactly three boys? At least one boy? All children of the same gender?
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by lkrb View Post
    assume that the probability a child is a boy is 0.51 and that the sexes of children born into a family are independent. What is the probability that a family of five children has exactly three boys? At least one boy? All children of the same gender?
    This is another binomial distribution problem, we will take that a child is a
    boy as the favourable outcome, so in a family with n children the probability
    of k boys is b(k;n,0.51).

    So the probability of 3 boys in a family with 5 children is b(3;5,0.51)

    The probability of at least one boy = 1-prob(no boys)=1-b(0;5,0.51).

    Prob all the children the same gender = (prob all girls) + (prob all boys) = b(0,5,0.51)+b(5;5,0.51).

    RonL
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