Induction proof to prove recursive formula is equal to explicit formula

I'm really stuck on these, any help is appreciated. In each of the following a sequence is defined recursively. Guess an explicit formula for the sequence, then use mathematical induction to prove the correctness of your formula. Sorry I had some font sizing issues. If you can just explain the first one, then I can probably figure out the other two. Thanks.

(a) csub(k) = 3csub(k- 1) + 1, for all integers k >= 2

c1 = 1

(b) gsub(k) = (gsub(k -1) ) / (gsub(k- 1) + 2) , for all integers k >= 2

g1 = 1

(c) psub(k) = psub(k -1) + 2 · 3^k, for all integers k >= 2

p1 = 2

Re: Induction proof to prove recursive formula is equal to explicit formula

I think I might be spoiling you because in this format it's hard to read and not likely to get accepted.

(a) c_{k} = 3c_{k-1} + 1 for all integers (INDUCTION STATEMENT P)

c_{1} = 1

However,

c_{k-1} = 3c_{k-2} + 1, so

c_{k} = 3 (3c_{k-2} + 1) + 1 = (3^2)c_{k-2} + 2 (MODIFIED INDUCTION STATEMENT P)

((Proceed inductively by replacing c_{k-m} term until you reach c_{1} = 1 ))

= 3^(k-1)c_{1} + k

= 3^(k-1) + k

Prove this statement by general induction if needed.