Thread: Total no. of reflexive relations on a set of n elements

1. Total no. of reflexive relations on a set of n elements

The number of reflexive relations on an n-element set is 2n2−n
Can anybody tell me why so?

2. Re: Total no. of reflexive relations on a set of n elements

Originally Posted by nikhilbhr
The number of reflexive relations on an n-element set is 2n2−n Can anybody tell me why so?
Hint Every relation $R$ on $A=\{a_1,\ldots,a_n\}$ is an element of $\mathcal{P}( A\times A)$ . So, we have $\textrm{card}\;\mathcal{P}( A\times A)=2^{\;\textrm{card }\mathcal{P}( A\times A)}}=2^{n^2}$ relations on $A$ . Could you continue?

3. Re: Total no. of reflexive relations on a set of n elements

Originally Posted by nikhilbhr
The number of reflexive relations on an n-element set is $2^{n^2-n}$ Can anybody tell me why so?[/I]
Here is a different approach.
Any reflexive relation on a set of n elements must contain the diagonal. The diagonal has n elements.
So how many off-diagonal elements are there?
Now look at your answer, $2^{n^2-n}$.
How are they related?

4. Re: Total no. of reflexive relations on a set of n elements

Originally Posted by Plato
Here is a different approach.
Any reflexive relation on a set of n elements must contain the diagonal. The diagonal has n elements.
So how many off-diagonal elements are there?
Now look at your answer, $2^{n^2-n}$.
How are they related?
I understood your approach but can u tell me how you are correlating off-diagonal elements with reflexive relation.

5. Re: Total no. of reflexive relations on a set of n elements

Originally Posted by nikhilbhr
I understood your approach but can u tell me how you are correlating off-diagonal elements with reflexive relation.
How many subsets of off-diagonal elements are there?

6. Re: Total no. of reflexive relations on a set of n elements

total elements in that matrix=nXn
total diagonal element=n
so obviously power set off-diagonal elements=2^(n^2-1).
But i have problem with the approach u are using .Can please how off-diagonal elements are correlated with reflexive relation..
Thanx for help.

7. Re: Total no. of reflexive relations on a set of n elements

Denote $\Delta$ the diagonal of $A\times A$ with $A=\{a_1,\ldots,a_n\}$ . Every reflexive relation $R$ on $A$ has the form $R=\Delta\cup B$ with $B\subset A\times A-\Delta$ . But $A\times A-\Delta$ has $n^2-n$ elements, so there are $2^{n^2-n}$ reflexive relations on $A$ .

8. Re: Total no. of reflexive relations on a set of n elements

Thank u very much for your valuable help..Now i got where was the problem.Actually R= (set of diagonal element) U B ,i havent thought of this expression

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total no of reflexive relation

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