# induction with a binomial

• June 21st 2011, 07:31 PM
dwsmith
induction with a binomial
Prove $\forall n\geq 0$

$\binom{n}{0}+\binom{n}{1}+\cdots +\binom{n}{n}=2^n$

$p(0): \ \binom{n}{0}=1=2^0=1$

Assume p(k) is true

$p(k): \ \binom{k}{0}+\binom{k}{1}+\cdots +\binom{k}{k}=2^k$

Prove

$p(k+1): \ \binom{k}{0}+\binom{k}{1}+\cdots +\binom{k+1}{k+1}=2^{k+1}$

Simply adding the next binomial term to both sides doesn't help. Any ideas?
• June 21st 2011, 08:09 PM
TKHunny
Re: induction with a binomial
You're a few "k+1"s short - actually, k of them.

$2^{k+1} - 2^{k} = 2^{k}\cdot(2-1) = 2^{k}$

Focus on the 3rd term (2 in the bottom of the choose) and see if it makes any sense.
• June 21st 2011, 08:22 PM
pickslides
Re: induction with a binomial
Hi dw, it might help if,

$p(k+1): \ \binom{k+1}{0}+\binom{k+1}{1}+\cdots +\binom{k+1}{k+1}=2^{k+1}$