Why permutation ?

• Jul 11th 2010, 12:13 PM
Hitman6267
Why permutation ?
we have 4 distinct ice cream flavors to choose from

How many different combinations of flavors of three scoops of ice cream are possible if it is permissible to make all three scoops the same flavor ?

all diff + all similar + 2 similar and 3rd diff
4 choose 3 + 4 choose 1 + 4P2 (the last one is the permutation)

Can any one justify 4P2 ?
• Jul 11th 2010, 12:27 PM
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Quote:

Originally Posted by Hitman6267
we have 4 distinct ice cream flavors to choose from

How many different combinations of flavors of three scoops of ice cream are possible if it is permissible to make all three scoops the same flavor ?

Yeah 4P2 works, although I just thought of it as $\displaystyle 2\cdot\binom{4}{2}$ since once you choose the two flavours, you have to choose which one is the double scoop, meaning multiply by two.