If we have a group of 150 people, broken into groups of 3, and only 3 are blue, what is the probability that all 3 blue people are put in the same group?
Is the denominator 150 C 3 = 551,300? For the numerator, my guess was 3!?
Any thoughts?
If we have a group of 150 people, broken into groups of 3, and only 3 are blue, what is the probability that all 3 blue people are put in the same group?
Is the denominator 150 C 3 = 551,300? For the numerator, my guess was 3!?
Any thoughts?
I haven't worked this out rigorously, but I think the probability is $\displaystyle \displaystyle \frac{1}{\binom{149}{2}}$, by reason that: consider blue person #1 (label them arbitrary 1,2,3); blue person #1's two team members are equally likely to be the two other blue people as any other two people. There are $\displaystyle \displaystyle \binom{149}{2}$ ways to choose two people out of the remaining 149...
I'm not sure. I found this thread from back in the day which is a similar question...
http://www.mathhelpforum.com/math-he...mutations.html
Hello, mathceleb!
We have a group of 150 people, broken into groups of 3, and only 3 are blue.
What is the probability that all 3 blue people are put in the same group?
The 150 people are divided into 50 groups of 3 people each.
There are: .$\displaystyle \dfrac{150!}{(3!)^{50}}$ possible groupings.
To have the 3 blue people in one group, there is: .$\displaystyle {3\choose3} = 1$ way.
The other 147 people are divided into 49 groups of 3: .$\displaystyle \dfrac{147!}{(3!)^{49}}$ ways.
. . Hence, there are: .$\displaystyle \dfrac{147!}{(3!)^{49}}$ ways to have the 3 blue people in one group.
The probability that all 3 blue people are in one group is:
. . $\displaystyle \dfrac{\dfrac{147!}{(3!)^{49}}} {\dfrac{150!}{(3!)^{50}}} \;=\;\dfrac{147!}{(3!)^{49}}\cdot\dfrac{(3!)^{50}} {150!} \;=\;\dfrac{6}{150\cdot149\cdot148} \;=\;\dfrac{1}{551,\!300} $
This correct.
Those are ordered partions.
There are $\displaystyle \dfrac{150!}{(3!)^{50}(50!)}$ unordered partitions.
There are $\displaystyle \dfrac{147!}{(3!)^{49}(49!)}$ of those where the blues are together.
Note that $\displaystyle \dfrac{\dfrac{147!}{(3!)^{49}(49!)}}{ \dfrac{150!}{(3!)^{50}(50!)}}=\dfrac{1}{\binom{149 }{2}}$
Hmm since Soroban's answer differs from mine I decided to do a little more research.
I believe this should be $\displaystyle \dfrac{\left(\dfrac{150!}{(3!)^{50}}\right)}{50!}$ because the groups of 3 can be permuted.
Likewise I believe this should be $\displaystyle \dfrac{\left(\dfrac{147!}{(3!)^{49}}\right)}{49!}$.
Leading to:
$\displaystyle \dfrac{\left(\dfrac{147!}{(3!)^{49}}\right)\cdot50 !}{49!\cdot\left(\dfrac{150!}{(3!)^{50}}\right)} = 50\left(\dfrac{1}{551,\!300}\right) = \dfrac{1}{11026} = \displaystyle \frac{1}{\binom{149}{2}}$
See here (a PDF file) for some more info; under subheading "Partitioning".
Edit: Plato answered a lot quicker than I did, didn't refresh the page.