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Math Help - Graph theory help!

  1. #1
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    Graph theory help!

    Let G be a simple graph with n vertices and m edges. Prove:

    If n = 11 and m = 46, show that G is connected.
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by walreinlim88 View Post
    Let G be a simple graph with n vertices and m edges. Prove:

    If n = 11 and m = 46, show that G is connected.
    between every two vertices we can have at most 2 edges. so the maximum number of edges is \binom{n}{2}=\frac{n(n-1)}{2}.

    EDIT: my argument for the second part was not complete. see the next post.
    Last edited by NonCommAlg; April 5th 2010 at 02:44 AM.
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  3. #3
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    for the second part of your problem i'll prove a general result:

    Claim: suppose a simple graph has n vertices and m edges. if the graph is not connected, then m \leq \binom{n-1}{2}.

    Proof. so the graph has a connected component with 1 \leq r \leq n-1 vertices which is disconnected from the rest of the graph, which has n-r vertices. therefore m \leq \binom{r}{2} + \binom{n-r}{2}.

    it's now easy to see that the inequality \binom{r}{2} + \binom{n-r}{2} \leq \binom{n-1}{2} is equivalent to (r-1)(n-r-1) \geq 0, which is a true statement because 1 \leq r \leq n-1. Q.E.D.
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