Let be a group wit 10 naturals numbers.
1. Is there a non-empty subset that the sum of element divides by 10?
2. Is there a non-empty subset that the sum of elements divides by 11?
1. Hint:
Suppose the numbers are .
Consider the 10 sums
for j = 1, 2, 3, ...., 10.
If one of these sums is congruent to 0 mod 10 we are done. If not, all the sums must fall in the congruence classes 1, 2, 3, ... 9 mod 10. Since there are 10 sums and only 9 congruence classes, at least two of the sums must be in the same class. Then...