Before I get started, I am not sure if this should be in pre-calculus or here, so please forgive me if it is in the wrong place.
Anyhow, I came upon this supposed equality in Picture Num 1.
I originally found it in Picture Number 2.
Could someone please explain why the equality in Picture Number One exists? Like what law states that it is true? Thanks
P.S. If you can't see, the expression on the right of the sigma in Picture Number 2 is L^4