I need help with his one, it's pretty simple and im pretty darn lousy at math
Show that for all positive integers n, and
all real numbers x
It's true for
But im stuck at the inductive step:
That is, ‘every non-empty subset of positive integers contains a least element’.
But the real numbers are well ordered with respect .
The real number set contains no least element.
Why does induction work -
a. You prove it for 1.
b. You assume it for some 'n' and based on this assumption prove it will be true for 'n+1'
Now let's combine a and b above. Put n=1, by 'a' this is true for 1. Then by 'b' it is true for n+1(=2). Apply 'b' again and again. You see it is true for 1,2,3,4,5,...... You will 'generate' all the natural numbers by this procedure. Thus statement is true for all natural number.
Now think, will this work for real numbers? or even rationals? Can by repeatedly adding 1 (or any number) will you be able to list all the real numbers?
Hope it helps