Find two sets of rational numbers L and R (both does not equal the empty set) such that L union R =Q for each x belong L and y belong R, x<y and set L does not contain a largest number and R does not contain a smallest number.
Find two sets of rational numbers L and R (both does not equal the empty set) such that L union R =Q for each x belong L and y belong R, x<y and set L does not contain a largest number and R does not contain a smallest number.
Hello tigergirlAny irrational number will separate the rationals into two such subsets; for example, $\displaystyle \sqrt2$. So you could define the sets as:
$\displaystyle L =\{x|x\in \mathbb{Q}, x<\sqrt2\}$ and $\displaystyle R = \{y|y\in \mathbb{Q}, y>\sqrt2\}$
Then clearly $\displaystyle \forall x\in L, y\in R,\,x<y$
And $\displaystyle L$ does not contain a largest number, since for every $\displaystyle x_1 \in L$, you can always find $\displaystyle x_2\in L$ which is greater than $\displaystyle x_1$, simply by making $\displaystyle x_2$ the mean of $\displaystyle x_1$ and $\displaystyle \sqrt2$; i.e. $\displaystyle x_2=\tfrac12(x_1+\sqrt2)$.
Similarly, of course, $\displaystyle R$ does not have a smallest number.
Finally, $\displaystyle L \cup R = \mathbb{Q}$, since every rational number is in one or other set.
Grandad