Hello,
Okay, maybe I'm just rusty at topology, but what does it mean for a set Y to be open in another set, ?
It is a nice problem. I'll use cl for closure and \cap for intersection
and \subset for inclusion
a) For each subset U of X open, U \cap cl(Y)\subset cl (U\cap Y).
For proving this, take x in U \cap cl(Y) and let V be an open neighbourhood of x. U\cap V is an open neighbourhood of x, and since x is in the closure of Y, U\cap V \cap Y is nonempty. Thus V cuts U\cap Y therefore we conclude.
b) Let y in Y. Take U an open neighbourhood of y such that U\cap Y is closed. From a) we conclude that U\cap cl(Y)\subset cl(U\cap Y)= U\ cap Y. Hence U\cap cl(Y)=U\ cap Y, and this means that each y in Y
has an open neighbourhood in cl(Y) included in Y, i.e, Y is open in cl(Y)
My argument in b) is not correct- CL(U\cap Y)=U\cap Y is not true
We noly know that U\cap Y is only closed in U! Anyway we have
a) U \cap cl(Y)\subset cl (U\cap Y)\cap U.
Now b) is true because U\cap cl(Y)\subset cl(U\cap Y)\cap U= U\ cap Y