Let and be topological spaces and a function. The graph of is the set .

Prove that is continuous if and only if the function given by is a homeomorphism where has the topology relative to the product topology .

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- June 12th 2009, 08:45 AMIntiContinuous functions and homeomorphisms
Let and be topological spaces and a function. The graph of is the set .

Prove that is continuous if and only if the function given by is a homeomorphism where has the topology relative to the product topology . - June 13th 2009, 09:09 AMaliceinwonderland
**Definition.**Let X and Y be a topological space; let be a bijection.

If both the function h and the inverse function are continuous, then h is called a homeomorphism.

**Lemma 1.**Let be given by the equation

.

Then g is continuous if and only if the functions

and

are continuous.

( )

Suppose f is a continuous function.

Since f is a well-defined function, it is clear that defined by is a bijection. Let be an open set of relative to the product topology containing an arbitrary point . It follows that

.

Since both an identity map and f are continuous functions, and are open, so is their intersection. It follows that is open. Thus, is continuous.

Now, we need to show that defined by is a continuous function. Let U be an open set containing an arbitrary point of . Then, , where is an intersection of a neighborhood of with . Specifically,

,

where M is a set and V is an open set in Y containing M.

Since has the topology relative to the product topology , is open in . Thus, is continuous.

By the defintion given the above, is a homeomorphism.

( )

Suppose is a homeomorphism.

Since an identity map is continuous and given by is continuous by hypothesis, is continuous by lemma 1.

**Note**: This is my attemp to this problem. Any feedback or correction is welcomed. - June 15th 2009, 05:51 AMInti
Cool, it seems to be ok to me.

Thank you very much!!!