# Thread: How many circles of diameter d on average in area of size A?

1. ## How many circles of diameter d on average in area of size A?

Hi,

I have an unlimited large plane. I am trying to calculated how many circles with a certain diameter d can fit into any square of size SxS on the plane. I think this should be the maximum density. So the question is NOT "How many circles can I fit into square of size x?", as it does not matter if the circles overlap the boundaries of the square.

(The setting is: How do I calculate how many people that try to keep distance d between their cores (modelled as circles) can fit into an area of size 1: What is the maximum density?)

I have looked into circle packing but that seems to calculate slightly different things.

I think it's either

2 / sqrt(3 * d * d)

or

2 / (sqrt(3) * d * d).

Any help (even a search word for google!) would be appreciated!

2. ## Re: How many circles of diameter d on average in area of size A?

The densest packing is indeed the circle packing problem, and the ratio of circles to total area is $\frac {\pi}{\sqrt {12}}$

Both of your two alternative choices have a problem with dimensions. The first has units of 1/length, and the second 1/length^2, whereas the answer should be dimensionless.

3. ## Re: How many circles of diameter d on average in area of size A?

I don't understand?

The question is : How many circles with diameter d can fit into an area of 1 x 1.The answer should always contain d?

circle packing example.bmp

In this situation, how many circles (so that could be 1 + 1 + 1 ... + .5 + .3 + .7) with diameter d fit into the red square of size 1 x 1?