# Math Help - Topology. Computational exercise.

1. ## Topology. Computational exercise.

Let $U = \mathbb{R}^2 \setminus \{(0,0)\}$; consider the $1-$form in $U$ defined by

$\omega = \dfrac{x dx + ydy}{x^2+y^2}$

(a) Show that $d\omega =0$

(b) Show that there is a $0$-form $\theta$ on $U$, such that $d\theta = \omega$

(a) $d\omega=\frac{2xy dy\wedge dx + 2xy dx \wedge dy}{x^2+y^2}=0$
(b) since $d\omega=0$, for any close loop $\gamma$ not enclosing 0, we have $\oint_{\gamma} w ds = \int_D dw=0$
so we can define $\theta(p) = \int_{p_0}^{p} w$, where $p_0 \ne 0$ is fixed and the line integral goes on any curve that not crossing 0.
Choose $p_0=(1,0)$, and the curve from (1, 0) to p(x0,y0) be from (1,0) to (x0,0), then from (x0, 0) to (x0,y0)
we get $\theta(x_0,y_0)=\int_{(1,0)}^{(x_0, y_0)} w = \int_1^{x_0}\frac{xdx}{x^2+y^2} + \int_0^{y_0} \frac{ydy}{x^2+y^2}$
= $\frac{1}{2}log(x_0^2+y_0^2)$