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Math Help - spectral theory

  1. #1
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    spectral theory

    Suppose V is a finite-dimensional inner product space over C and T:V->V is a self-adjoint linear transformation. Then V has an orthonormal basis consisting of eigenvectors of T.
    What would happens if V is infinite-dimensional?
    Does the proof of finite-dimensional still work for infinite-dimensional? Why?
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  2. #2
    A Plied Mathematician
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    Not all inner product spaces even have an orthonormal basis, let alone one that consists of the eigenvectors of a self-adjoint linear operator. Your inner product space must be either separable or complete (those are sufficient, not necessary conditions) in order to even have any orthonormal basis. However, if you do have a complete inner product space (a Hilbert space), then I think the space would have an orthonormal basis consisting of the eigenvectors of T. Not seeing a reference for that off-hand, though...
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