# Thread: Need help calculating a Residue

1. ## Need help calculating a Residue

I am trying to integrate log(x)/( (1+x^2)^2) and I'm stuck at trying to find the residue of that function at i. I've tried expanding it to find the coefficient of (x-i) but I just get into a mess and as the pole is a double covert pole I don't think there is any nice formula that would lead me to the answer. Can anyone help please?

2. Originally Posted by kevinlightman
I am trying to integrate log(x)/( (1+x^2)^2) and I'm stuck at trying to find the residue of that function at i. I've tried expanding it to find the coefficient of (x-i) but I just get into a mess and as the pole is a double covert pole I don't think there is any nice formula that would lead me to the answer. Can anyone help please?
Let $\displaystyle f(z)=\frac{\log(z)}{(1+z^2)^2}$. Then, you noted that $f$ has pole of order $2$ at $i$ so that

\displaystyle \begin{aligned}\underset{z=i}{\text{Res }}f(z) &= \lim_{z\to i}\frac{d}{dz}\left((z-i)^2f(z)\right)\\ &= \lim_{z\to i}\frac{z-2z\log(z)+i}{z(z+i)^3}\\ &= \frac{\pi+2i}{8}\end{aligned}

3. Originally Posted by kevinlightman
I am trying to integrate log(x)/( (1+x^2)^2)
Perhaps you meant:

$I=\displaystyle\int_0^{+\infty}\dfrac{\log x\;dx}{(1+x^2)^2}$

Use Drexel28's post to prove:

$I=\ldots=\dfrac{\pi\log 2}{4}$

Fernando Revilla

4. Originally Posted by FernandoRevilla
Perhaps you meant:

$I=\displaystyle\int_0^{+\infty}\dfrac{\log x\;dx}{(1+x^2)^2}$

Use Drexel28's post to prove:
$I=\ldots=\dfrac{\pi\log 2}{4}$

Fernando Revilla
Indeed, one can use the semi-circle contour $\Gamma_R=\left\{z:|z|=R\right\}\cap \text{URHP}$ and use the Residue THeorem.