• Nov 30th 2010, 03:21 AM
EinStone
Consider $\displaystyle f_\lambda (x) = \lambda x(1 - x)$ for $\displaystyle x, \lambda \in \mathbb{R}.$

1) Show that $\displaystyle K_\lambda : = \{ x \in \mathbb{R}:$ the sequence $\displaystyle x, f(x), f(f(x)), \ldots$ is bounded $\displaystyle \}$ is always compact.

2) For which values $\displaystyle \lambda > 0$ is $\displaystyle K_\lambda$ connected?
• Nov 30th 2010, 05:02 PM
xxp9
consider the intersection of the graphs of y=f(x) and y=x, which is a parabola and a line.
• Dec 1st 2010, 04:03 AM
EinStone
I managed to show 1) myself, but what do I get from this intersection?
• Dec 3rd 2010, 06:55 PM
SammyS
Quote:

Originally Posted by EinStone
Consider $\displaystyle f_\lambda (x) = \lambda x(1 - x)$ for $\displaystyle x, \lambda \in \mathbb{R}.$

1) Show that $\displaystyle K_\lambda : = \{ x \in \mathbb{R}:$ the sequence $\displaystyle x, f(x), f(f(x)), \ldots$ is bounded $\displaystyle \}$ is always compact.

2) For which values $\displaystyle \lambda > 0$ is $\displaystyle K_\lambda$ connected?

One thing that you get from the intersection of $\displaystyle y=x$ and $\displaystyle y=f_\lambda (x)$ is that for that value of x, call it $\displaystyle x_0$, $\displaystyle f_\lambda (x_0)=x_0$, in fact $\displaystyle f_\lambda (f_\lambda (\dots f_\lambda (x_0)\dots ))=x_0$

The vertical line, $\displaystyle x={1\over2}$ is the symmetry axis of the parabola $\displaystyle y=f_\lambda (x)$, so $\displaystyle f_\lambda(1-x_0)=f_\lambda(x_0)=x_0$.

Another thing to consider is that the vertex of this parabola is at $\displaystyle (x,\, y)=\left({1\over2},\, {\lambda\over4}\right)$.

What happens at $\displaystyle x={1\over2}$ if $\displaystyle \lambda>4$.