what does DFT achieve?
If you had read the sticky thread in the Analysis forum, called "List of rules used to moderate MHF - please read carefully before posting.", you would have found :
As the name suggests, a "help" forum is for help.11. Show some effort. If you want help with a question it is expected that you will show some effort. Effort might include showing your working, taking the time to learn how to typeset equations using latex (there is an entire subforum devoted to this), formatting your question so that it is more easily understood, using effective post titles and posting in the appropriate subforum, making a genuine attempt to understand the help that is given before asking for more help and learning from previous questions asked. Moderators reserve the right to Close threads in cases where the member is not making a genuine effort (particularly if the member is spamming the forums with multiple questions of exactly the same type). It should also be remembered that all contributors to MHF are unpaid volunteers and are under no obligation to answer a question.
Would you go see your professor during his office hours to ask him to do the problem for you? I bet not.
I'm done in this thread. Good luck anyways and please take no offense, I'm only here to help.
My first post in this thread was an offer to help you if you'd just attempt some kind of solution, using whatever material you have at hand. The idea is that I can see what you are having trouble with and give you specific, personalized help, for free. What more could you ask for? If you want a general course on the DFT, you'll find a bunch of PDFs online, many of them I'm sure containing examples.
If you go see your professor for help, and you tell him/her "I don't understand the DFT", the first question you'll get is "What don't you understand about the DFT?"
People here are tolerant and very much used to helping people who haven't done math in a long time. You're not alone! But there's something not right if whoever is helping you is working harder than you are.