# Thread: Given the integral e^x dx between a & b exists, evaluate it using the formula 1+r+r^2

1. ## Given the integral e^x dx between a & b exists, evaluate it using the formula 1+r+r^2

Given the integral e^x dx between a & b exists, evaluate it using the formula 1+r+r^2...r^n = 1 - r^(n+1)/(1-r), where r doesn't = 1.

I tried, using (delta)x = (b-a)/n and xi = a + i(delta)x, but when I get to taking the limit I get stuck. I'm not even sure if that's what I'm suppose to do... but I'm not sure of any other way to go about it. Please help!

2. Originally Posted by gummy_ratz
Given the integral e^x dx between a & b exists, evaluate it using the formula 1+r+r^2...r^n = 1 - r^(n+1)/(1-r), where r doesn't = 1.

I tried, using (delta)x = (b-a)/n and xi = a + i(delta)x, but when I get to taking the limit I get stuck. I'm not even sure if that's what I'm suppose to do... but I'm not sure of any other way to go about it. Please help!
What level is this? What definition of integral are you using?

3. I think he (OP) meant using RIEMANN sums.

Integration of e^x using riemann sums? - Yahoo! Answers

4. The course is Real Analysis. And we didn't evaluate any Riemann sums like that, but I'm guessing that must be what they want me to do. The question just says:
"Given the integral between a & b e^x dx exists, evaluate it using the formula: 1 + r + r^2 + ... + r^n = (1-r^(n+1))/(1-r).

I think that yahoo link might be something like what I need to do, but mine is just generally between a and b.

And the definition of the integral I have is for every E>0 there's a d>0 : ||P|| < d -> |sigma - L| < E ... but I'm not really sure if I would apply that to this question?

Do you guys know how I should go about solving this?

5. Divide the interval from a to b into n equal parts, each of length $\displaystyle \Delta x= \frac{b- a}{n}$. The value of the function $\displaystyle f(x)= e^x$ at the left end of each sub-interval, is $\displaystyle e^a$, $\displaystyle e^{a+ \Delta x}= e^a(e^{\Delta x}$, $\displaystyle e^{a+ 2\Delta x}= e^a(e^{2\Delta x})= e^a(e^{\Delta x})^2$, etc.

In other words, the integral is the limit of $\displaystyle e^a\Delta x \left(1+ (e^{\Delta x})+ (e^{\Delta x})^2+ \cdot\cdot\cdot+ (e^{\Delta x})^n\right)$. Do you see what "r" must be?

6. Okay great, thanks. Yeahh i get that. But where I run into trouble is when I try to take the limit.

I keep having 1 - e^(delta x) on the bottom, which = 1-1 = 0 as n -> oo, and so I don't know how to get rid of that?

7. Originally Posted by gummy_ratz
Okay great, thanks. Yeahh i get that. But where I run into trouble is when I try to take the limit.

I keep having 1 - e^(delta x) on the bottom, which = 1-1 = 0 as n -> oo, and so I don't know how to get rid of that?
Try multiplying top and bottom by $latex e^{\Delta x}$

8. Originally Posted by Drexel28
Try multiplying top and bottom by $latex e^{\Delta x}$
But I think e^(delta x) = 1 as x-> 00, since

delta x = (b-a)/n = 0 as x-> 00 and e^0 = 1

so that would just be multiplying the top and bottom by 1?

I have:

lim x->00 = e^(a+deltax)*(1- e^(deltax*n+deltax))/(1-e^delax)

but then even when I factor e^deltax out of the top and bottom, I'm still left with
((1/e^deltax) - 1) on the bottom.