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Math Help - Tube lemma generalization

  1. #1
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    Oct 2010
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    Tube lemma generalization

    So, here's the problem:

    Let A and B be compact subspaces of X and Y, respectively. Let N be an open set in X x Y containing A x B. One needs to show that there exist open sets U in X and V in Y such that A x B \subseteq U x V \subseteq N.

    Here's my try:

    First of all, since N is open, it can be written as a union of basis elements in X x Y, i.e. let N = \cup U_{i} \times V_{i}.

    Then we cover A x B with basis elements contained in N, so that A \times B \subseteq \cup U_{i}' \times V_{i}' . Since A and B are compact, so is A x B, and for this cover, we have a finite subcover, so that A \times B \subseteq \cup_{i=1}^n U_{i}' \times V_{i}'.

    Now we have the following relation:

    A \times B \subseteq \cup_{i=1}^n U_{i}' \times V_{i}' \subseteq \cup U_{i} \times V_{i} = N.

    Now, I'm not sure if this relation holds:

    \cup_{i=1}^n (U_{i}' \times V_{i}') \cap (\cup U_{i} \times V_{i}) \subseteq \cup_{i=1}^n (U_{i}' \cap (\cup U_{i})) \times \cup_{i=1}^n (V_{i}' \cap (\cup V_{i})) \subseteq N. If it does, then U = \cup_{i=1}^n (U_{i}' \cap (\cup U_{i})) and V = \cup_{i=1}^n (V_{i}' \cap (\cup V_{i})) are the sets we were looking for.

    If x = (a, b) is in (\cup_{i=1}^n (U_{i}' \times V_{i}')) \cap (\cup U_{i} \times V_{i}) then a is in Ui, b is in Vi, for some i, and a is in Ui' and b is in Vi'. So, a is in the intersection of Ui and Ui', for some i, and b is in the intersection of Vi and Vi', for some i, i.e. in their unions, so x is in (\cup_{i=1}^n (U_{i}' \cap (\cup U_{i}))) \times (\cup_{i=1}^n (V_{i}' \cap (\cup V_{i}))).

    Does this work?

    Edit: just edited this message, sorry for the math-typing inconvenience before.
    Last edited by Gopnik; October 27th 2010 at 12:37 PM.
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