# Thread: Open Set Proving

1. ## Open Set Proving

The question is as follows:

Let f:R->R be continuous. Show that {x:f(x)>0} is an open subset of R.

I have figured out how to prove {x:f(x)=0} is a closed subset of R , but I can not solve the question {x:f(x)>0} is an open one .

Any help for that?
Thanks. 2. If $\displaystyle f$ is continuous at $\displaystyle x=a~~f(a)>0$ in the definition of continuity use $\displaystyle \varepsilon = \frac{{f(a)}}{2}$.

It follows that $\displaystyle f(x)>\frac{{f(a)}}{2}$ for all $\displaystyle x$ near $\displaystyle a$.

3. Thanks Plato, I am considering what you said. Originally Posted by Plato If $\displaystyle f$ is continuous at $\displaystyle x=a~~f(a)>0$ in the definition of continuity use $\displaystyle \varepsilon = \frac{{f(a)}}{2}$.

It follows that $\displaystyle f(x)>\frac{{f(a)}}{2}$ for all $\displaystyle x$ near $\displaystyle a$.

4. Thanks, and I get what you said about f(x) > f(a)/2 for all x near a, but why does it support {x:f(x)>0} is an open set?

5. In order to show that a set is open, you must know the definition.

One characterization of an open is that if a is in then every point near a is also in the set.
Another is that open sets are union of balls.
Another is that its complement is closed.

6. I get it! Thanks very much. The proving part is tricky.

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