# Show that sin(a_n) converges

• Sep 7th 2010, 04:49 AM
alexmahone
Show that sin(a_n) converges
Show that if $\sum{a_n}$ is a convergent positive-term series, then the series $\sum{sin(a_n)}$ also converges.
• Sep 7th 2010, 05:13 AM
Plato
Just notice that if $0\le x$ then $\sin(x)\le x$.
Use the basic comparison test.
• Sep 7th 2010, 11:39 AM
NonCommAlg
Quote:

Originally Posted by Plato
Just notice that if $0\le x$ then $\sin(x)\le x$.
Use the basic comparison test.

but $\sin a_n$ is not necessarily positive! we can remove this difficulty by using the inequality $|\sin x| \leq |x|.$

so if $\sum a_n$ is convergent with $a_n \geq 0,$ then $\sum \sin a_n$ is absolutely convergent and hence convergent.
• Sep 7th 2010, 11:54 AM
Plato
Quote:

Originally Posted by NonCommAlg
but $\sin a_n$ is not necessarily positive! we can remove this difficulty by using the inequality $|\sin x| \leq |x|.$

Actually $\sin(a_n)>0$ for almost all $n$.
It was given that $(a_n)$ is a positive sequence and we know that $(a_n)\to 0$.
Therefore, for almost all $n$ we have $0< a_n<\frac{\pi}{2}$ which implies $0<\sin(a_n).
So you are mistaken. Comparison works.

P.S. If $0 then $\sin(x).
• Sep 7th 2010, 12:16 PM
NonCommAlg
Quote:

Originally Posted by Plato
Actually $\sin(a_n)>0$ for almost all $n$.
It was given that $(a_n)$ is a positive sequence and we know that $(a_n)\to 0$.
Therefore, for almost all $n$ we have $0< a_n<\frac{\pi}{2}$ which implies $0<\sin(a_n).
So you are mistaken. Comparison works.

P.S. If $0 then $\sin(x).

you're right. i ignored the fact that $a_n \to 0.$